Items of potential interest to government documents librarians or government information managers in Michigan. For more information contact Jon Harrison at email@example.com.
Detroit is known for cars and music. Natural resources? Not so much. Yet each day, 30 or so miners descend nearly 1,200 ft. beneath the city to extract salt from remnants of ancient seas that extend below much of the Great Lakes — and form one of North America's robust salt reserves.
For more information, see:
Steven Gray, Detroit's Salt Mine : What Lies Beneath, Time, July 12, 2010.
Underground Economy : The Big Salt Mine in Detroit photo essay.
The Giant Salt City 1200ft Beneath Detroit from Environmental Graffita. Note works best with Mozilla Firefox.
Detroit's Salt Mine from Atlas Obscura
Daniel Duggan, "Detroit's underground rock salt mine sold", Crain's Detroit Business, October 18, 2010.
Holly, Michigan was honored on this day in 1978 by being the location for the release of one of the U.S. Postal Service’s two official 1978 Christmas stamps.
It featured a child on a hobby horse against the backdrop of a Christmas tree, set against a red background with the word “Christmas” at the bottom.
The Oakland County community was so named in 1861 for the holly that grew in the area and for Mt. Holly, N.J., where an 1835 settler had come from, according to the book “Michigan Place Names” by Walter Romig.
More About Christmas Stamps
The United States Post Office Department issued its first Christmas stamp in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on November 1, 1962. Customers had requested such a stamp for years, Postmaster General J. Edward Day said during the stamp dedication ceremony, adding that the stamp would be the first in a series of Christmas stamps.
Stamps that conveyed a holiday spirit had proved popular during the holidays in previous years, such as the 1958 Forest Conservation stamp showing a deer in a clearing in the woods and the 1960 stamp showing a stylized green tree resembling a fir, commemorating the 5th World Forest Congress.
Anticipating a huge demand for the new Christmas stamp, the Department ordered 350 million printed – the largest number produced for a special stamp until that time. The green and red four-cent stamps featured a wreath, two candles, and the words “Christmas 1962”. The initial supply sold out quickly, and the Bureau of Engraving and Printing began working around the clock to print more. By the end 1962 one billion of the stamps had been printed and distributed.
The decision to print a Christmas stamp encountered some controversy, especially from groups concerned about maintaining the separation of church and state, although legal actions to bar the stamps were not successful.
The Postal Service recognized other special holidays when it issued its first Hanukkah stamp in 1996, followed in 1997 by its first Kwanzaa stamp, and in 2001 by the Eid stamp.
In the list of U.S. Christmas holiday stamps that follows, the numbers in parentheses indicate postage on non-denominated stamps. Information is taken from The Postal Service Guide to U.S. Stamps, postal philatelic press releases, the National Gallery of Art website at www.nga.gov, Scott 1999 Specialized Catalogue of United States Stamps, and Scott Stamp Monthly.
Zlati Meyer, "This week in Michigan history: Christmas stamp goes on sale in Holly", Detroit Free Press, October 13, 2013.
Christmas Holiday Stamps by the U.S. Postal Service.
On this day Willie Thrower, a pioneer for African Americans in the sport of football, became the first African American to quarterback in a professional game in the modern era.
As a college player, Thrower was a groundbreaker as well, becoming the first African American to play quarterback in the Big Ten Conference, and helping Michigan State University win the 1952 national championship. Although Thrower rarely started, he frequently had a key role in the game. One that he remembers well was as a senior in 1952 – his biggest thrill in college football. He came off the bench in a close and crucial game against Notre Dame with the Spartans holding a narrow 7-3 lead. Thrower threw for one touchdown and directed the team to another to spark a 21-3 win for his team. That victory was critical to the national championship won by Michigan State that fall and MSU ending up voted #1 in both the AP and Coaches' polls at the end of the season.
With such an impressive college football career, it should have been easy for Thrower to go professional. Professional football, however, at this time was still fairly segregated with little opportunity for African American players. The few black players who were in the professional leagues largely held defensive positions. Although he was not drafted, he did receive a contract from the Chicago Bears as a backup quarterback to George Blanda.
Thrower made history on October 18, 1953 when he relieved George Blanda during a game against the San Francisco 49ers, becoming the first African American quarterback to play at this level. During that fateful game he completed three out of eight passes for a total of 27 yards. (It would be another 15 years before the next African-American took the field as a professional quarterback.)
Source : Biography Willie Thrower Bio
For another article, see Robert B. Van Atta, "Willie Thrower : The First Black QB in the NFL", The Coffin Corner: Vol. 8, No. 3 (1986).
Katie Koerner and Ben Phlegar, Willie Thrower: Breaking Barriers, Michigan State University Official Athletic Site, February 24, 2010.
Mitts Becomes Thrower for da Bears, Homecoming Headlines.
Also check out a YouTube tribute.
Willie Horton is born.
Born in Virginia, Willie Horton grew up in Detroit to become a Detroit Tiger hero. He batted .326 in his first season with the Tigers and had 100 or more RBIs in 1965 and 1966. Horton threw out Lou Brock at home plate in the pivotal Game Five of the 1968 World Series, led the team in home runs in 1968, 1969 and 1975 and was elected to four All-Star teams.
Source : Michigan History magazine, October 2003.
Dems Seek Senate Breakthrough In Kalamazoo
If yard signs are any indication of how a district will vote, the 20th Senate District seat is as divided as expected. Drive closer to the hometown of Republican Rep. Margaret O'Brien in Portage, and her support is stout. Drive north along Westnedge Road in Kalamazoo, and backing for Democrat Rep. Sean McCann takes over.
Fight For 71st House To Go To The Bitter End
Rep. Theresa Abed of Grand Ledge spent 25 years in the 71st House District working in the public schools and as a county commissioner before becoming the first Democrat to hold the seat since 1964, and she says she has a connection to the community that gives her the upper hand against her Republican opponent, military veteran Tom Barrett, who said he is looking to provide a strong voice for veterans in the state.
Candidate In 61st House Lied About DUI Conviction
Republican Brandt Iden of Oshtemo, candidate in the hotly competitive 61st House District, lied in a candidate questionnaire about being convicted of a crime, and was in fact convicted of operating while intoxicated in 2009, records show.
Snyder Looking To Close 15% Cut In Higher Education Funding
If state revenues allow, Governor Rick Snyder has told state budget officials to make Michigan's universities whole in the 2015-16 budget cycle from the 15 percent cut they took in the 2011-12 budget, sources have said. Earlier this year, Mr. Snyder told university presidents that he wanted to bring their funding back up to where it was before the cut took effect, and he has directed budget officials to take that action, if at all possible.
Dem Ad: Snyder Wrong For African Americans
The Michigan Democratic Party began running an advertisement this week in African-American newspapers blasting Republican Governor Rick Snyder as having "the wrong priorities for African Americans in Michigan."
Snyder Says Health Emergency Center Open To Monitor For Ebola
With reports that a Detroit-area visitor from Liberia has been asked to monitor for possible symptoms of Ebola, Governor Rick Snyder said Friday the state has activated its Community Public Health Emergency Communications Center to take steps against the disease.
Paper: Lack Of Specialists In State Poses Challenge On Autism
Changes in Michigan law to ensure that children with autism spectrum disorder have access to diagnosis and treatment have opened opportunities for those children, according to a paper released by the Center for Healthcare Research and Transformation, but a lack of professionals who can work with those children poses a challenge to their ability to get that aid.
State Sees Increase In Unvaccinated Children
Figures from the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show there is increasing numbers of unvaccinated children in kindergarten in Michigan, making the state the fourth-highest in terms of parents who have not gotten their kids immunized against a number of infectious diseases.
Court Returns $34M To Consumers Energy
Consumers Energy does not have to pay use tax on its electrical distribution equipment and so deserves a refund of what it paid in 2010, the Court of Appeals ruled in a case released Friday.
Snyder Signs Bill Allowing Experimental Therapies
Bills that would allow terminally ill patients the right to try drugs that have only gone through the first phase of U.S. Food and Drug Administration testing have been signed into law by Governor Rick Snyder.
Great Start Forms Advisory Council
The Office of Great Start announced Friday the creation of a new advisory council to help with policy and communications development. The group, made up of 18 child care providers, parents, and community leaders from around the state, will bring in other early childhood leaders, as well as officials from the departments of Education, Human Services and Community Health to talk about how their programs contribute to the goals of children born healthy; developmentally on track; ready at kindergarten entry; and reading proficiently by fourth grade.
Source : Gongwer News Service : Michigan Report, Volume #53, Report 206, October 17, 2014. Full access requires a subscription or a visit to a subscribing library such as the Michigan State University Main Library.
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