Items of potential interest to government documents librarians or government information managers in Michigan. For more information contact Jon Harrison at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Cholera epidemic begins in Michigan.
The steamer Henry Clay, carrying troops to fight in the Black Hawk War (fought in what is now Wisconsin), landed in Detroit to unload passengers sick with cholera. The disease spread throughout Detroit, where 28 deaths resulted from 58 cases within two weeks. Roadblocks were set up to prevent people fleeing Detroit from entering other towns, but cholera spread around the state. The epidemic had begun in India in 1831, then traveled through Russia and western Europe, and a ship's passenger brought it to America.
Source : Michigan History
Robert McNamara, "The Cholera Epidemic of 1832 Killed Thousands and Created Panic", About.com
"Two men and the 1832 cholera epidemic", a chapter from Michigan Legends: Folktales and Lore from the Great Lakes State by Sheryl James via Google Books.
Detroit didn’t start celebrating the Fourth of July until early in the 19th century; prior to that it was not an American city, or at least not American enough to take an interest. The French settlement remained neutral during the American Revolutionary War. It was controlled by the British from 1783 until 1805, and was not populated by Americans, by and large, until after the War of 1812.
It was at that time that Fourth of July celebrations began to appear. Many French Detroiters were praised for playing an eager part in the festivities. By 1839 the parade broadened to include the mayor, common council, the fire department, judiciary and members of the bar, and frequently veterans of the Revolutionary War riding in a coach.
For the full article, see Bill Loomis, "It's the Fourth of July - launch the anvil! Detroit's 19th century celebrations were proud, explosive and dangerous", Detroit News, June 30, 2013.
The city of Jackson officially began July 4, 1829. Through the efforts of several men, Horace Blackman was able to stake his claim of 160 acres as was allowed by territorial law. Although Blackman was not the first to settle in the area he is credited with the first official claim, paying only $2 per acre. On January 16, 1830, the area settlement agreed on the name of 'Jacksonburgh' in honor or President Andrew Jackson.
By the spring of 1831, Jacksonburgh was a busy little village with several people in business. In summer of the same year the first school officially opened. Later in 1831, Jacksonburgh was declared the County Seat by Governor Lewis Cass bringing government to the area and the name was changed to 'Jacksonopolis.' And finally, in 1838, the city became known as simply 'Jackson.'
For more information, see History of Jackson, Michigan
Although the American Revolution is over, the English refuse to turn over Fort Detroit to them. It will be another 13 years before control of Detroit passes to the United States.
Source : Detroit Almanac
The state of Michigan has agreed to pay $20,000 to settle a lawsuit by an 80-year-old convicted killer who said his civil rights were violated when he was denied vegan meals for two years.
The state settled the case during a June trial after U.S. District Judge Paul Maloney ruled in favor of the prisoner before jury deliberations, attorney Dan Manville said.
George Hall, who has been in prison for 40 years, said he’s a Messianic Jew and doesn’t eat food that comes from an animal or fish. But in 2010, the Lakeland prison in Coldwater questioned the religious requirement and stopped providing special meals to him. He instead was offered a kosher non-vegan diet.
“So long as Hall’s personal religious belief is sincerely held that he cannot consume animal products, the First Amendment protects his rights,” Manville said in a court filing.
For the article, see Ed White, "Michigan settles vegan prisoner’s lawsuit for $20,000", Detroit News,July 3, 2015.
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